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    Introduction the bulletin
    Comparative bulletin of Dadpishgan, with the official permission of the ministry of culture
    and Islamic guidance and a highly specialized team of research professors and creative and
    elite researcher from prestigious universities has collected
    which always pursues its main
    goal and mission to present fruitful research articles and publish their latest scientific findings

    in various fields of law and try to investigate the fields and deep and ignored angles of the

    law of the country.
    On the other hand, the other editors of this journal have always been
    trying to maintain and continuously improve the scientific aspect of the
    monthly journal
    through accurate and specialized judgments and adherence to important restrictions.
    This
    monthly journal
    is ready to receive and review scientific articles in the field of contracts and
    obligations
    law, "international law", law of commercial documents and contracts",
    "international trade
    and economic law", "criminal and criminology law " - new legal trends"
    of
    jurisprudence and law" and public law and for easy and universal access to the latest legal
    f
    indings of scientific-research rejection approach, this journal has been established as an
    open
    -access journal and comparative bulletin of Dadpishgan is published online. This
    magazine is an electronic magazine that is published in
    persian along with an english abstract
    with open access. This publication is subject to the CC BY
    -NC: 4 open access policy.
    According to this license, the use of the content
    s of the bulletin (without commercial
    purposes) is allowed by mentioning the source and observing the rules of copyright.


    Recent Articles
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    • Open Access Article

      1 - Critical Study of Gradual criminal liability of juveniles in discretionary offenses (review of the French legal system
      mohammad saeeid shafiei
      Iss. 1 , Vol. 1 , Autumn 2018
      In the field of criminal law, the process of transfer from lack of full criminal liability to full criminal liability requires determining the stages that is considered gradual criminal liability. In articles 88 and 89 the Islamic Penal Code, 1392 legislator has graded More
      In the field of criminal law, the process of transfer from lack of full criminal liability to full criminal liability requires determining the stages that is considered gradual criminal liability. In articles 88 and 89 the Islamic Penal Code, 1392 legislator has graded Non-criminal and criminal measures based on the criterion of age in discretionary offenses of juveniles and has focused on judicial measures on socialization of these people because of refusing to apply repressive criminal responses. Despite of removing gender separation and possibility of apply appropriate responses; there are some ambiguities in acceptance of gradual system in discretionary offenses. not providing to extension of protective and supervisory measures to people under 9 years according to the first section of the article 88 the Islamic Penal Code about criminal liability and restrictions on the use of restorative responses in juvenile procedure, authority of the judge in determining freedom with care method, not being comprehensive measures referred to in article 89 in terms of the impossibility of extension measures under article 88 to not severe offenses of age group 15 to 18 years cause are restrictions that cause not providing to achieve absolutely to differential approach in the field of legislative criminal policy related to juvenile delinquents. This article emphasizes using a descriptive- analytic method and studying of France legal system and former substantive criminal law necessity of taking non-criminal measures on persons under the minimum age of criminal liability, expansion of restorative response, The necessity of using of freedom with care method while giving children to family like September 9, 2002 Act of France and provides efficient legislative criminal policy with critical review each of these ambiguities Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      2 - Legal aspects of network marketing (MLM)in iran with pyramid schemes in comparison with America Federal Trade
      hamid samadifard farshid teyebi
      Iss. 1 , Vol. 1 , Autumn 2018
      In practice , we are dealing with two types of network marketing , first network marketing and other pyramid schemes , which are the vast majority of the second type , which is illegal in most countries . From the United States Federal Trade Organization perspective , More
      In practice , we are dealing with two types of network marketing , first network marketing and other pyramid schemes , which are the vast majority of the second type , which is illegal in most countries . From the United States Federal Trade Organization perspective , the marketing plan is a very good way to sell products and services by distributors . Although this type of market includes new economic activities , which can be incorporated into an independent contract without being incorporated under the title of one of the contarct, it may have a few similarities with such as rent , peace , sale of law , and can be introduced , but each may have problems . In this study , it has been tried primarily to describe this form of marketing and the distinction of two healthy and unhealthy types , then the healthy type that is legally reviewed by matching the aspect of jurisprudence and the rules of the Federal Convention Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      3 - Study procedure Tolerance of thoughts and behavior Based on Islamic teachings
      mohammad saeeid shafiei shirin shafiei
      Iss. 1 , Vol. 1 , Autumn 2018

    • Open Access Article

      4 - A comparatives study of Unfair comptetion in iranin law with shiit jurisprudence and the paris convention
      mohammad reza habibi mehr hamid samadifard
      Iss. 1 , Vol. 1 , Autumn 2018
      prudence and the paris convention Competition has different titles, but fair competition in recruitment make the benefits of a all society. But in some instance, competitor use irrecoverable harm to their compet-ing commercial interests by using illegal and unprotected More
      prudence and the paris convention Competition has different titles, but fair competition in recruitment make the benefits of a all society. But in some instance, competitor use irrecoverable harm to their compet-ing commercial interests by using illegal and unprotected methods. In this case, it is a type of competition in which business competitors use equipment unfairly and compete for unfair titles. Unfortunately, there is no exact definition of the meaning of unfair competition, but in addition to unfair competition, which is discussed in private law, there is no definite way of defining public rights and economic rights, which they call competition law. In the law of instance such as offensive and discriminatory pricing, monopoly, similarity of name and trademark, as well as cases in the field of industrial property rights, we can mention the obstacles to fair competition, in other words, unfair competition. In Imamieh jurisprudence, with its rich resources, it is prohibited to disor-derly competition, among which, in addition to many verses and narratives, it is possible to mention cases such as hoarding, reckoning, and the rule of lawlessness. Given the above, it is clear that the law defends a fair competition and request to reform the com-petitive relationship between individuals, which, assuming this important, can be seen as a Justice-centered economy. In this study, to clarify the nature of Fair competition , con-cept and examples of unfair competition, and to better understand the unfair competition law, compare it with some of the relevant institutions in the Paris Convention and other conventions. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      5 - Principles of State Civil Liability for Environmental Pollution
      Sayed Ahmad Asgari Arjnky
      Iss. 1 , Vol. 1 , Autumn 2018
      Today, with the expansion of international relations and relationships, the issue of environmental law has been at the forefront of international attention, and all governments and individuals are working to maintain environmental conditions in a healthy environment. On More
      Today, with the expansion of international relations and relationships, the issue of environmental law has been at the forefront of international attention, and all governments and individuals are working to maintain environmental conditions in a healthy environment. One could consider one of the components of a good state or good governance as an environmental issue and, in particular, a clean air. In fact, one of the most important environmental issues is the issue of air pollution, which today is inevitable to find solutions to tackle and mitigate this phenomenon. It should be noted that the right to a healthy environment, except for human rights, including rights Is inherent in human beings. In order to deal with this phenomenon, civil liability was raised, according to which the loss factor should be compensated. One of the foundations of civil responsibility is the theory of fault that this theory is less used because of the lack of recognition of the actual cause of the damage, and to solve this problem, theories of liability are blamed and blamed on the responsibility of the majority of European countries. The remedies in this area are also restoring the state of the past, eliminating the source of losses, compensating for losses, and committing to non-contamination. In the area of civil liability caused by pollution, there are complexities such as the multiplicity of features, gradual and hidden losses, the difficulty of assessing damages, and the ability to prove the relationship between the causation. Therefore, it is necessary in this regard, It will be possible to first develop preventive measures against people, as well as by adopting precise and comprehensive laws and regulations in this area, these issues can be reduced. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      6 - Right to health in the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran
      SaSaman Allallahveysi ali gorji aznadreyani
      Iss. 2 , Vol. 2 , Autumn 2018
      The right to health is part of the fundamental rights of citizens in any political community. Every citizen as a member of the community, regardless of racial, religious, political or cultural considerations, has the right and deserve the right to enjoy this right by vi More
      The right to health is part of the fundamental rights of citizens in any political community. Every citizen as a member of the community, regardless of racial, religious, political or cultural considerations, has the right and deserve the right to enjoy this right by virtue of the existence of a citizenship relationship. The right to health includes all medical services, adequate food, affordable housing, clean environment and .... Various and influential factors on health make it difficult to define the right, and countries are required to make fundamental decisions to ensure these facilities, which Iran has recognized in the constitution by ratifying health laws and regulations. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      7 - Cessation of liability in court
      احمد مهدوی نسب mohammad reza seyahpoor mysam nemat alahi mojtaba farahmand
      Iss. 2 , Vol. 2 , Autumn 2018
      :Abstract Tasbib is one example of the involvement of individuals in committing a crime. Accordingly, the perpetrator of a crime in the ordinary course of life who has a well-to-do list and is aware of his existence, must be answerable for his criminal conduct. More
      :Abstract Tasbib is one example of the involvement of individuals in committing a crime. Accordingly, the perpetrator of a crime in the ordinary course of life who has a well-to-do list and is aware of his existence, must be answerable for his criminal conduct. Unless the offender, for some reason, can withstand the burden of liability, in other words, his affiliation is distorted, which may be due to a lack of perception or lack of authority. Under these circumstances, you can not commit a crime to the offender. In the course of criminal proceedings, various defenses from the defendant are possible, which are based on the factors responsible for solving such liability. Factors for solving the criminal responsibility to the individual and subjective circumstances in the perpetrator are said that despite the occurrence of the crime, they will eliminate the criminal liability of the subject. The purpose of this research is to investigate whether the factors for removing criminal responsibility in recruiting from the general factors of responsibility for responsibility are different or are expressed in terms of allegory. Findings of the research show that the factors for solving the responsibility for the accrual are, in most cases, an indication of the general criteria for the removal of criminal responsibility and are not distinguished. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      8 - the legitimacy of Causalityin juridical texts and statute i.r.i
      seyyed rohollah aghigh meysam nemat ah allahi mojtaba farahmand
      Iss. 2 , Vol. 2 , Autumn 2018
      One example of the involvement of individuals in committing crimes and social crimes is the issue of accusations of crime. Although the word causality has a general meaning and is also used in civil law, the prevailing meaning of this concept is in criminal law, More
      One example of the involvement of individuals in committing crimes and social crimes is the issue of accusations of crime. Although the word causality has a general meaning and is also used in civil law, the prevailing meaning of this concept is in criminal law, which is more in line with jurisprudential texts. . This word, which is an effective and important application in law, is one of the most challenging issues, and there are many disagreements over it. Some argue that the appropriation is the same (not dictated), and it is a rational rule that has a strong autonomy and Jurisprudence has also used examples of it as examples of it. Some also believe that the mentioned cases (from Bob causality) in jurisprudence are exclusive to the mentioned cases, and the emblem is not an independent jurisprudential and rational basis, therefore, it should be considered limited to the cases mentioned in the texts of jurisprudence. The research has been gathered with an applied and analytical and descriptive approach, utilizing library studies, and its findings indicate that the appropriation of a rational rule is in accordance with this rule as an exemplary statement of some of the cases. And these examples are in fact only examples of this rule, the legislator, instead of expressing several examples of it, would have been better off by limiting the material to the explanation of the subject matter and avoiding the ambiguities that made ambiguities in the comprehension of the audience. Avoidance Would have Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      9 - The effect of the bill in contracts in iranin law with comparatives the Shiite jurisprudence and Common law rights
      mohammad reza habibi mehr rohangiz mohammadi moghanli
      Iss. 1 , Vol. 1 , Autumn 2018
      Considering the role and effect of the bill in the exercise of the rights and obligations of the the legislator, it is subject for of different rulings And because legislator in compliance with state jurisprudence to paid that bill in addition general rules Contract of More
      Considering the role and effect of the bill in the exercise of the rights and obligations of the the legislator, it is subject for of different rulings And because legislator in compliance with state jurisprudence to paid that bill in addition general rules Contract of sale in other of legal acts and phenomena is presented that bill enforceable But the general principle is that any contract offer and acceptance will be available to spend The offer and acceptance are the two components of the unit contracts. One might think that in our legal system does not have a contract of three components But the Iranian legislator by taking above issues and to supply materials, and the thought derived from jurisprudence texts in some seasons civil law on contracts and unilateral obligations, contracts have been noted The bill is traded to the transmission. Therefore the Iranian Law bill in some contracts condition for and condition for the validity of are contracts However, the common law legal system, the importance of the bill is not in Iran's rights, the rights of Iran's important that the bill has the effect of That some contracts are not real contracts in which they bill as Subject the contract, conditions is true However, the common law legal system that easily accepted and mortgage bills in the health condition they not mortgage And accordingly because of diversity in the formation of transactions and contracts, the importance of the bill and there are general rules and old Which is very ambiguous and insufficient and not able to solve problems aim to contractual with the impact of bill pay transactions In This study examines the different aspects in some the contracts pay the bill. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      10 - Comparative Study of Copyright in Iran and France Legal System
      Sayed Ahmad Asgari Arjnky
      Iss. 1 , Vol. 1 , Autumn 2018
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    Number of Volumes 5
    Number of Issues 5
    Printed Articles 28
    Number of Authors 85
    Article Views 44363
    Article Downloads 4733
    Number of Submitted Articles 81
    Number of Rejected Articles 0
    Number of Accepted Articles 78
    Acceptance 96 %
    Admission Time(Day) 40
    Reviewer Count 4
    Last Update 12/8/2022